Jaw Wiring (Links to Informative sites on liquid diets, losing weight and other useful dieting and weight loss information)


http://www.liquiddietdiscussion.com/  A very informative message about  liquid diets.


Calorie Calculator

Ever wonder how many calories you're really burning? This tool calculates the calories your body burns doing exercises, sports, and everyday activities. Plus, we can tell you how much weight you could lose by adding new activities to your weekly schedule. Just choose an option at right to get started!

First, here are answers to some questions you might be asking yourself:



Almost any of the commercial weight-loss programs can work, but only if they motivate you sufficiently to decrease the amount of calories you eat or increase the amount of calories you burn each day (or both). What elements of a weight-loss program should an intelligent consumer look for in judging its potential for safe and …continued




Choose a diet moderate in salt and sodium

Sodium is associated with high blood pressure

In the body, sodium plays an essential role in regulation of fluids and blood pressure. Many studies in diverse populations have shown that a high sodium intake is associated with higher blood pressure. Most evidence suggests that many people at risk for high blood pressure reduce their chances of developing this condition by consuming less salt or sodium. Some questions remain, partly because other factors may interact with sodium to affect blood pressure.

Other factors affect blood pressure

Following other guidelines in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans may also help prevent high blood pressure. An important example is the guideline on weight and physical activity. The role of body weight in blood pressure control is well documented. Blood pressure increases with weight and decreases when weight is reduced. The guideline to consume a diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables is relevant because fruits and vegetables are naturally lower in sodium and fat and may help with weight reduction and control. Consuming more fruits and vegetables also increases potassium intakes which may help to reduce blood pressure (box 14). Increased physical activity helps lower blood pressure and control weight. Alcohol consumption has also been associated with high blood pressure. Another reason to reduce salt intake is the fact that high salt intakes may increase the amount of calcium excreted in the urine and, therefore, increase the body's need for calcium.

Most Americans consume more salt than is needed

Sodium has an important role in the body. However, most Americans consume more sodium than is needed. The Nutrition Facts Label lists a Daily Value of 2,400 mg per day for sodium [2,400 mg sodium per day is contained in 6 grams of sodium chloride (salt)]. In household measures, one level teaspoon of salt provides about 2,300 milligrams of sodium. Most people consume more than this amount.


Choosing the Best Exercise for You

By Grace DeSimone

Dangers of Very Low-Calorie Diets and low carbohydrate diets

By Physicians of the Penn State Geisinger System

Keep your balance.

For dieters that's excellent advice.

It means that if you're cutting down on calories, don't cut out needed nutrients. A well-balanced menu is essential to good health. …continue



What works


If you need to lose weight, here's what to do to improve your chances of losing weight safely and keeping it off permanently:

Calculate your Body Mass Index (BMI) …Continue


Choosing a Safe and Successful Weight-Loss Program

Almost any of the commercial weight-loss programs can work, but only if they motivate you sufficiently to decrease the amount of calories you eat or increase the amount of calories you burn each day (or both). What elements of a weight-loss program should an intelligent consumer look for in judging its potential for safe and successful weight loss?


A Responsible and Safe Weight-Loss Program


A responsible and safe weight-loss program should be able to document for you the five following features:

  1. The diet should be safe. It should include all of the Recommended Daily Allowances (RDAs) for vitamins, minerals, and protein. The weight-loss diet should be low in calories (energy) only, not in essential foodstuffs.
  2. The weight-loss program should be directed towards a slow, steady weight loss unless your doctor feels your health condition would benefit from more rapid weight loss. Expect to lose only about a pound a week after the first week or two. With many calorie-restricted diets there is an initial rapid weight loss during the first I to 2 weeks, but this loss is largely fluid. The initial rapid loss of fluid also is regained rapidly when you return to a normal-calorie diet. Thus, a reasonable goal of weight loss must be expected.
  3. If you plan to lose more than 15 to 20 pounds, have any health problems, or take medication on a regular basis, you should be evaluated by your doctor before beginning your weight-loss program… continue


The lowdown on fats and cholesterol

The single most important dietary change most people can make is to eat less fat. But are all fats nutritional no-nos? And how can you reduce the fats in your diet?

The United States Department of Agriculture's Dietary Guidelines recommend you limit fat to 30 percent of the calories in your diet. This amounts to 53 grams of fat in a 1,600-calorie diet, 73 grams of fat in a 2,200-calorie diet, and 93 grams of fat in a 2,800-calorie diet.

You decide how to use the fat in your daily diet. You may want to indulge with whole milk instead of skim, for example. The important thing to remember is to balance your choices so that your total fat intake is no more than 30 percent of your total daily calories.

All fats are not created equal
Fats in foods are mixtures of three types of fatty acids–saturated, polyunsaturated, and monounsaturated. They differ in their chemical makeup and in the types of foods in which they appear.

Saturated fats are those found primarily in meat and dairy products and in some vegetable fats, such as coconut, palm, and palm kernel oils. Experts recommend limiting your saturated fat to fewer than 10 percent of the total calories in your diet (or about one third of your total fat intake), because saturated fat raises the level of cholesterol in the blood by shutting down receptors that help remove cholesterol from the body…continue


Information for consumers and physicians about the OPTIFAST Program, a medical weight loss program using a liquid formula diet for obesity treatment. Includes interactive BMI calculator.


The Doctor's

America's Best!

by Allan Borushek (Dietitian)

ISBN: 0-9587991-9-9
Price: US$7.00
(Special Quantity Discounts Available)



Family Health Publications
P O Box 1616, Costa Mesa
Phone (949) 642-8500 Fax (949) 642-8900


  • The Most Comprehensive (288 Pages) ~ Over 14,000 Food Listings (Generic & Brandname)
  • Researched & Compiled by Allan Borushek (Biochemist & Dietitian)
  • Includes 80-page Fast-Foods & Restaurants Section (Largest Ever Compilation)
    • Over 3,000 menu items from 80 Fast-Food Restaurant Chains, representing over 50,000 outlets.
    • Full Analysis: includes Calories, Fat, Percent Fat, Saturated Fat, Cholesterol, Carbohydrate, Protein & Sodium.
  • Bonus Diet Guides & Counters for:
    • Alcohol, Caffeine, Fiber, Protein & Iron;
    • Hypertension Guide & Sodium Counter;
    • Osteoporosis Guide & Calcium Counter.
  • The Most Up-To-Date!
    • Current Brand-name Data.
    • Revised Annually.
  • The Most User Friendly! ~ Multiple listings for different serving sizes for foods such as milk, ice creams, breads, meats, fats & fruits.
  • Pocket Size & Quality Printing:
    • Ideal for home, office or travel;
    • Wipe-clean plastic laminated cover;
    • Thread-sewn binding (pages cannot fall out).
  • PLUS Introductory Weight Control Guide:
    • Includes Diet, Exercise & Eating Behaviors plus Diabetes & Weight Control.
    • Includes Percent Fat Calories for all foods for easier spotting of high-fat foods.

www.naaso.org (North American Association for the Study of Obesity)
www.consumer.gov/weightloss/guidelines.htm (Voluntary guidelines for the
www.obesity.org (American Obesity Association: consumer interests related to

The American Society of Bariatric Physicians (ASBP) is a national professional medical society of more than 1,400 licensed physicians (doctors of medicine [M.D.] and osteopathy [D.O.]) who offer specialized programs in the medical treatment of obesity (bariatrics) and its associated conditions. Formed in 1950, ASBP has been instrumental in offering practical information that doctors can use in their bariatric practices and that members of the general public can use in locating a bariatric physician.

For physicians, ASBP offers an exciting series of continuing medical education programs, a peer-reviewed quarterly journal, The American Journal of Bariatric Medicine -- The Bariatrician, and a bi-monthly newsletter, News from ASBP. To see our latest accredited CME offerings, go to the Continuing Education Calendar on the For Health Professionals page.

For the public, ASBP offers information on the growing problem of obesity in the U.S., ways to lose weight and maintain a healthy weight and a way to reach our member physicians for professional consultation in dealing with weight loss problems.

For recent developments in the field of obesity treatment and medical weight loss and news of ASBP activities, visit the News and Views section of our Web site.

Note: Material appearing on this web site is meant to be informational only and should not be construed as medical advice. To obtain medical advice concerning obesity and safe ways to lose weight, or other medical matters, seek the counsel of a knowledgeable and competent bariatric physician.



nutrition questions, weight questions, diet questions, dieting advice, dietitian questions

Wellness Articles Diet and Heart Disease - Eating for a Healthy Heart Wellness Index Along with lifestyle changes, like quitting smoking and exercising regularly, you can reduce your risk of heart disease by making simple changes in your dietary...

No Fuss Meals

Liquid meal replacements, a.k.a. instant breakfast-type liquid drinks or fortified powders to blend with milk, have become an accepted part of the American "bill of fare." We see them advertised on TV as a nutritious replacement for the breakfast we're often too busy to prepare or as part of a low-calorie meal plan for weight loss programs. These nutritionally formulated liquid meals are readily available in most supermarkets and can be purchased in a multitude of flavors, but most commonly, in various versions of chocolate, vanilla and strawberry. For the times in our lives when due to busy schedules, illness or just a need to reduce overall calories and fat, these products could fill that need for a more nourishing alternative to grabbing fast food on the run.

Who Drinks Them?

Most liquid meals are produced to meet specific needs:

Products promoted as liquid meals are surprisingly similar, but depending on the intended use, the calorie count and nutrient content will vary somewhat. Calorie and fat content are modified by using different sources of protein, carbohydrate and fat. Thirty years ago, when these products were first introduced, there was less emphasis on fat and cholesterol and most products were formulated using whole milk and milk protein. Today, whole milk has been replaced by nonfat milk and soy protein isolates and the fat source is usually from corn and/or soybean oils.

Nutrition-Smart Evaluation

In evaluating these products, Nourish staff compared the following: 1) taste; 2) price (cost/serving); and 3) nutritional content. Nutritional content can best be evaluated by looking at the amount of nutrients such as protein, vitamins, minerals and fiber per calorie. We also checked out the fat, cholesterol, sugar and sodium content, which are best kept at lower levels in the diet.

In com-paring both the liquid and powdered meal replacement products in our chart, we found the nutrition profile averages 12-14 grams of protein, 1- 3 grams of fat, less than 5 milligrams of cholesterol, and 34 grams carbohydrate in 200-260 calories. The content of the powdered mixes was calculated using nonfat milk for reasons of comparison. However, we've included in our chart an analysis of our smoothie recipe with a comparison between cow's milk and soy milk as the liquid source. The rationale: to demonstrate how the nutritional composition changes depending on the type of milk or liquid used…continue

http://www.naturalland.com/nv/nn/ngls2.htm nutrition in a glass

Comparing Taste and Price

Nourish's taste panel compared five liquid meals and five powder based meals. We included nonfat milk as a liquid source for purposes of comparison except for "Slim & Trim," which recommended mixing with water. We also evaluated our homemade smoothie made with soy milk versus nonfat milk.

The sensory evaluation was based on taste, texture and appearance. We used a 5-point scale: 0 = dislike; 1(*) = neither like or dislike; 2(**) = like moderately; 3(***) = like very much; and 4(****) = like extremely. In general tasters agreed they would not purchase the majority of these products based on taste alone. Only Nourish's homemade smoothie received a four-star rating for taste. The second highest rating for taste was 2 1/2 stars given to Carnation Instant Breakfast (made from the powdered mix). Ultra Slim Fast placed a close second with two stars.

As can be seen from the chart, prices range from $.61/serving (including added milk) or $.07/ounce (store-brand instant powder), to a high of $1.67/serving or .21/ounce (Ensure With Fiber liquid meal).

Our Recommendations …continue


There's so much to know about nutrition and Ensure®.

If everyone had the same nutritional requirements, there would be only one variety of Ensure®. But since everyone's different, we've developed a whole family of products. In fact, there are several products that bear the Ensure name. Each one supplies you with calories, vitamins and minerals. If you want to determine Which Ensure Is For You, you'll first want to determine Your Nutritional Status. To learn more about some of the valuable nutrients you'll find in Ensure, click on Know Your Nutrients. Once you've taken these valuable quizzes and read about all our different nutritional products, we suggest you talk with your doctor to help decide which product will best meet your needs. So please, settle back and get acquainted. Be sure to read the Most Frequently Asked Questions About Ensure. And don't miss our Great-Tasting Nutritious Recipes!


Recommended 20 Dietary Changes

  1. Replace butter with lower-fat margarine.
  2. Use butter-flavored powders in cooking (not baking).
  3. Replace whole milk with skim, 1% or 2% milk.
  4. Replace one whole egg with 2 egg whites in cooking and cook egg dishes with half the yolks and twice the whites.
  5. Experiment with low-sodium seasonings and spices to replace added salt and fat.
  6. Replace sour cream or cream cheese with buttermilk, low fat creamed cottage cheese, or yogurt cheese (strain plain non-fat yogurt 6 hours through a coffee filter, use portion in filter).
  7. Choose light meat poultry. Remove skin from poultry before cooking, if possible; definitely remove skin before eating.
  8. Chill broth and skim off fat from top before using.
  9. Cook meals over dry heat.
  10. Choose lean cuts of beef and pork; trim all visible fat; limit meat consumption.
  11. Instead of butter, margarine, or cream cheese, use jelly or jam on breads. They still have calories, but not as much fat.
  12. Eat occasional meatless meals.
  13. Eat more fish.
  14. Eat more complex carbohydrates (whole grains, legumes, fruits and vegetables).
  15. Eat more whole grains.
  16. Reduce size of meat, poultry, and fish portions to 3-4 oz. per meal (about the size of the palm of your hand).
  17. Replace sugared sweets with natural sweets like fruit.
  18. Drink more water.
  19. If you drink alcohol, limit consumption to no more than 2 drinks per day.
  20. Use wine to sauté instead of butter.


Calorie Calculator Calorie Calculator is brought to you by Stevens Creek Software. Find out more about our products: The Athlete's Diary software Multisport training log for Windows, Macintosh, and DOS. Free trial copy available for online download.

Calories required during the day

The number of calories you need to eat each day is determined by how much energy you need to maintain your lean mass and the internal functions of your body's processes (heart beating, lungs inhaling and exhaling, cell metabolism, any life-supporting function).

Your Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) is the rate at which your body spends energy for maintenance activities each hour. You can learn how to calculate your own BMR using the instructions below, or go to a free online BMR calculator.

How to calculate your BMR:

A) Divide your weight by 2.2 ( = your weight in kilograms)
Multiply that number by the BMR factor (1 for a man, .9 for a woman)
Multiply that number by 24 (for hours in a day)
This is your BMR.

B) Add that number to your activity level, which is:
Sedentary = 40-50% of your BMR
Light activity = 55-65% of your BMR
Moderate activity = 65-75% of your BMR
Heavy activity = 75-100% of your BMR
This is your activity level energy requirements.

C) Add the numbers from A and B together.
This is your daily calorie requirement.
You need to eat at least this much to maintain your current body weight.
To lose weight, cut about 500 calories per day (for a 2,000 calorie-per-day diet).

BMR Calculation Examples:

Jack weighs 190 pounds and has a moderate activity level:
Jack's BMR = (190/2.2)*1*24 = 2,072 calories
Jack's Activity level lower limit = 2,072*.65 = 1,347 calories
Jack's Activity level upper limit = 2,072*.75 = 1,554 calories
Jack's Calories per day = 3,419-to-3,626 calories

Jill weighs 120 pounds and has a heavy activity level:
Jill's BMR = (120/2.2)*.9*24 =1,178 calories
Jill's Activity level lower limit = 1,178*.75 = 884 calories
Jill's Activity level upper limit = 1,178*1 = 1,178 calories
Jill's Calories per day = 2,062-to-2,356 calories

BMR calculations are average estimations. Your actual BMR fluctuates, depending on these factors:

Age - younger people have a higher BMR. Older people have less lean mass.
Height - tall, thin people have a higher BMR.
Growth - children and pregnant women have a higher BMR.
Body Composition - people with more lean tissue have a higher BMR.
Fever - fever increases your BMR.
Stress - stress increases your BMR.
Inside/Outside Temperature - heat and cold both raise your BMR.
Fasting - lowers your BMR.

More tools

Sample dietary distribution plans based on caloric needs

Reducing calorie consumption to lose weight

Want to know how many calories you're burning?
Try this
online activity calculator.Free Calorie Counter

Welcome to the Global Health and Fitness (GHF) Calorie Calculator. Here, you'll find out how many calories your body "burns" (used or expended) for more than 70 different exercises/activities. Factors used in the GHF Calorie Calculator are based on information from the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). Your web browser must support JavaScript (Netscape or Internet Explorer 3.0, or higher) to use the GHF Calorie Calculator.

Simply enter your name and e-mail address and click on Submit to begin. Your name and e-mail address will not be sold to any other company and is only used for the purpose of letting you know when updates have been made to the Calorie Calculator and our web site.



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